What Do Security Guards Need to Do?

In today’s time, the security business is huge. Different businesses are emerging and the demand for security services is increasing. Businesses face many threats and hazards throughout the year, which is why most companies and small businesses already require security guards. Security guards have similar responsibilities, whether they work in residential properties, private businesses, or government agencies. The primary responsibility of security guards is to protect assets by monitoring, reporting, and defending against any security breaches. Specifically, security guards are required to patrol and inspect the property, prevent fire, theft, vandalism, terrorism, and illegal activities, and monitor people and buildings to prevent crime.

Security guards typically do the following:

  • Surveillance alarms and CCTV cameras
  • Control access rights for employees, visitors and outside contractors
  • Security checks in designated areas
  • Write a comprehensive report outlining what they observed while patrolling

Security guard job duties vary by employer:

  • In retail stores, security guards protect people, records, merchandise, money, and equipment. They may work with undercover store detectives to prevent theft by customers or employees, detain shoplifting suspects until police arrive, or patrol parking lots.
  • In-office buildings, banks, hotels, and hospitals, security personnel maintain order and protect the organization’s customers, employees, and property.
  • In museums or art galleries, security guards protect paintings and exhibits by observing and checking packages entering and leaving the building.
  • In factories, government buildings, and military bases, security guards protect information and products and check credentials for people and vehicles entering and leaving the premises.
  • At universities, parks, and sports venues, security guards control crowds, supervise parking and seating, and direct traffic.
  • In bars and nightclubs, security guards (or bodyguards) prevent minors from entering, charge for cover at gates, and maintain order among customers.
  • Security guards acting as traffic safety inspectors protect people, traffic equipment, and cargo in airports, train stations, and other transportation facilities.
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What is the workplace of a Security Guard like?

Most security guards spend a lot of time standing, either assigned to specific posts or patrolling buildings and grounds. Some people may sit behind counters or in guardhouses at gated facilities or community entrances for extended periods of time. Some security guards provide round-the-clock surveillance by working eight-hour or more shifts.